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English Grammar in Use — чрезвычайно популярный учебник английской грамматики, написанный учителем английского как иностранного Реймондом Мерфи. Общий тираж этого пособия — более десяти миллионов экземпляров. «The blue Murphy», как называют этот учебник учителя из Великобритании, пользуется заслуженным признанием как у преподавателей, так и у изучающих английский язык.
Книга удачно соединяет в себе и справочник по английской грамматике, и сборник упражнений на закрепление пройденного. Она разбита на 136 разделов (юнитов — Units), каждый из которых объясняет и закрепляет определенный аспект грамматики и занимает целый разворот: на левой половине — теория, на правой — практика. Все юниты независимы и могут быть пройдены в любом порядке.
Аге the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where necessary.
1 Ben is a friend of mine. I know him very well.
2 Ben is a friend of mine. I know him for a long time.
3 Sarah and Adam are married since July.
4 The weather is awful. It’s raining again.
5 The weather is awful. It’s raining all day.
6 I like your house. How long are you living there?
7 Gary is working in a shop for the last few months.
8 I don’t know Tom well. We’ve only met a few times.
9 I gave up drinking coffee. I don’t drink it for a year.
10 That’s a very old bike. How long do you have it?
Read the situations and write questions from the words in brackets.
1 A friend tells you that Paul is in hospital. You ask him: (how long / be / in hospital?)
2 You meet a woman who tells you that she teaches English. You ask her: (how long / teach / English?)
3 You know that Jane is a good friend of Katherine’s. You ask Jane: (how long / know / Katherine?)
4 Your friend’s brother went to Australia some time ago and he’s still there. You ask your friend: (how long / be / in Australia?)
5 Tom always wears the same jacket. It’s a very old jacket. You ask him: (how long / have / that jacket?)
6 You are talking to a friend about Joe. Joe now works at the airport. You ask your friend: (how long / work / at the airport?)
7 A friend of yours is having guitar lessons. You ask him: (how long/have/guitar lessons?)
8 You meet somebody on a plane. She says that she lives in Chicago. You ask her: (always / live / in Chicago?).
To the student viii
To the teacher x
Present and past
1 Present continuous (I am doing)
2 Present simple (I do)
3 Present continuous and present simple 1 (I am doing and I do)
4 Present continuous and present simple 2 (I am doing and I do)
5 Past simple (I did)
6 Past continuous (I was doing)
Present perfect and past
7 Present perfect 1 (I have done)
8 Present perfect 2 (I have done)
9 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing)
10 Present perfect continuous and simple (I have been doing and I have done)
11 How long have you (been). ?
12 For and since When . ? and How long . ?
13 Present perfect and past 1 (I have done and I did)
14 Present perfect and past 2 (I have done and I did)
15 Past perfect (I had done)
16 Past perfect continuous (I had been doing)
17 Have and have got
19 Present tenses (I am doing /1 do) for the future
20 (I’m) going to (do)
23 I will and I’m going to
24 Will be doing and will have done
25 When I do/When I’ve done When and if
26 Can, could and (be) able to
27 Could (do) and could have (done)
28 Must and can’t
29 May and might 1
30 May and might 2
31 Have to and must
32 Must mustn’t needn’t
35 Had better It’s time.
37 Can/Could/Would you . ? etc. (Requests, offers, permission and invitations)
If and wish
38 If I do . and If I did .
39 If I knew. I wish I knew .
40 If I had known . I wish I had known .
42 Passive 1 (is done / was done)
43 Passive 2 (be done / been done / being done)
45 It is said that. He is said to . He is supposed to .
46 Have something done
47 Reported speech 1 (He said that. )
48 Reported speech 2
Questions and auxiliary verbs
50 Questions 2 (Do you know where. ? / He asked me where . )
51 Auxiliary verbs (have/do/can etc.) I think so/I hope so etc.
52 Question tags (do you? isn’t it? etc.)
-ing and to.
53 Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing etc.)
54 Verb + to . (decide to . / forget to . etc.)
55 Verb (+ object) + to . (I want you to . etc.)
56 Verb + -ing or to . 1 (remember/regret etc.)
57 Verb + -ing or to . 2 (try/need/help)
58 Verb + -ing or to . 3 (like / would like etc.)
59 Prefer and would rather
60 Preposition (in/for/about etc.) + -ing
61 Be/get used to something (I’m used to . )
62 Verb + preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing / accuse somebody of -ing etc.)
63 Expressions + -ing
64 To . for. and so that.
65 Adjective + to .
66 To . (afraid to do) and preposition + -ing (afraid of -ing)
67 See somebody do and see somebody doing
68 -ing clauses (Feeling tired, I went to bed early.)
Articles and nouns
69 Countable and uncountable 1
70 Countable and uncountable 2
71 Countable nouns with a/an and some
74 The 2 (school / the school etc.)
75 The 3 (children / the children)
76 The 4 (the giraffe / the telephone / the piano etc., the + adjective)
77 Names with and without the 1
78 Names with and without the 2
79 Singular and plural
80 Noun + noun (a tennis ball / a headache)
81 -‘s (your sister’s name) and of. (the name of the book)
Pronouns and determiners
82 Myself/yourself/themselves etc.
83 A friend of mine My own house On my own / by myself
84 There . and it.
85 Some and any
86 No/none/any Nothing/nobody etc.
87 Much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty
88 All/all of most/most of no / none of etc.
89 Both / both of neither / neither of either / either of
90 All, every and whole
91 Each and every
92 Relative clauses 1: clauses with who/that/which
93 Relative clauses 2: clauses with and without who/that/which
94 Relative clauses 3: whose/whom/where
95 Relative clauses 4: extra information clauses (1)
96 Relative clauses 5: extra information clauses (2)
97 -ing and -ed clauses (the woman talking to Tom, the boy injured in the accident)
Adjectives and adverbs
98 Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed (boring/bored etc.)
99 Adjectives: a nice new house, you look tired
100 Adjectives and adverbs 1 (quick/quickly)
101 Adjectives and adverbs 2 (well/fast/late, hard/hardly)
102 So and such
103 Enough and too
104 Quite, pretty, rather and fairly
105 Comparison 1 (cheaper, more expensive etc.)
106 Comparison 2 (much better / any better / better and better / the sooner the better)
107 Comparison 3 (as . as / than)
108 Superlatives (the longest, the most enjoyable etc.)
109 Word order 1: verb + object; place and time
110 Word order 2: adverbs with the verb
111 Still, yet and already Any more / any longer / no longer
Conjunctions and prepositions
113 Although/though/even though In spite of / despite
115 Unless As long as Provided/providing
116 As (As I walked along the street. / As I was hungry . )
117 Like and as
118 Like/as if/as though
119 For, during and while
120 By and until By the time.
121 At/on/in (time)
122 On time and in time At the end and in the end
123 In/at/on (position) 1
124 In/at/on (position) 2
125 In/at/on (position) 3
127 In/on/at (other uses)
129 Noun + preposition (reason for, cause of etc.)
130 Adjective + preposition 1
131 Adjective + preposition 2
132 Verb + preposition 1 to and at
133 Verb + preposition 2 about/for/of/after
134 Verb + preposition 3 about and of
135 Verb + preposition 4 of/for/from/on
136 Verb + preposition 5 in/into/with/to/on
137 Phrasal verbs 1 General points
138 Phrasal verbs 2 in/out
139 Phrasal verbs 3 out
140 Phrasal verbs 4 on/off (1)
141 Phrasal verbs 5 on/off (2)
142 Phrasal verbs 6 up/down
143 Phrasal verbs 7 up (1)
144 Phrasal verbs 8 up (2)
145 Phrasal verbs 9 away/back
Appendix 1 Regular and irregular verbs 292
Appendix 2 Present and past tenses 294
Appendix 3 The future 295
Appendix 4 Modal verbs (can/could/will/would etc.) 296
Appendix 5 Short forms (I’m/you’ve/didn’t etc.) 297
Appendix 6 Spelling 298
Appendix 7 American English 300
Additional exercises 302
Study guide 326
Key to Exercises 336
Key to Additional exercises 368
Key to Study guide 372
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